Birth of the Semiconductor | Techday, January 23rd
On this TECHDAY in history, on January 23rd 1959, Robert Noyce co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor and was responsible for creating the silicon mesa and planar transistors which helped make the first commercially applicable integrated circuit.
After graduating from MIT, he began working as a research engineer at Philco next to William Shockley, co-inventor of the transistor. Soon with the “traitorous eight” they joined Fairchild Semiconductor corporation. Noyce then designed a monolithic integrated curcuit made of silicone, while Jack Kilby, another award winning inventor, designed it with germanium. Kilby’s design had external wire connections and could not be mass-produced.
Noyce, during his lucrative years, received the nickname of The Mayor of Silicon Valley, credited with the realization of the first integrated circuit that fueled the following computer revolution. The American physicist gave Silicon Valley his name with his inventions. Amazing!
Fun fact, later on Bob Noyce was then one that co-founded Intel in 1968 alongside Andy Grove and Gordon Moore.
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